Internships Annotated Bibliographies

Linn, P I Howard, A Miller, E  (2004). Handbook for research in cooperative education and internship. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

A guide for designing and implementing high quality research on internships.  Includes examples of studies illustrating a range of methodological approaches, discusses the role of theory in research design, explains program assessment as it relates to research, and considers relevant ethical issues.

Narayanan, V. K. Olk, P. M. Fukami, C. V. (2010). Determinants of internship effectiveness: An exploratory model. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 9, 61-80.

Drawing upon knowledge transfer theory, this study examines the roles that students, universities, and businesses play in internship effectiveness in effort to construct a multistage model of determinants of internship effectiveness.  Offers recommendations for each of these participant stakeholders geared toward enhancing internship effectiveness and makes suggestions for future research.

O'Neill, N (2010). Internships as high impact practice: Some reflections on quality. Peer Review, 12(4), 4-8.

Describes the opportunities and challenges in developing high-impact internships.  Offers an excellent discussion of definitional issues in the field and provides suggested guidelines for developing high-impact experiences.  Emphasizes the role of institutions in developing high quality experiences.

Schutte, K. J. (2007). Journey or destination: A study of experiential education, reflection, and cognitive development. Journal of Cooperative Education and Internships, 41(1), 118-129.

Using an experimental design, the study examines the role of reflection in the cognitive development of students in internship.  Defines “internship” and “reflection” and describes the structure of the internship experience focused on in the study.  Concludes that critical reflection is not a natural skill for most students and must be taught and guided by faculty.  Implications for practitioners and scholars are discussed.

Simons, L Fehr, L Blank, N Connell, H Georganas, D Fernandex, D Peterson, V (2012). Lessons learned from experiential learning: What do students learn from a practicum/internship?. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 24(3), 325-334.

Employs a multi-method approach to identify student learning outcomes in psychology internships.  Employs pre-test/post-test surveys and perspectives of students, field supervisors, and faculty.  Findings include that students increased in multicultural skills and grew in personal, civic, and career development.